Nyumba ya Valdštejn Kusiya ndemanga

Valdstein (Waldstein) ndi chiwonongeko m'chigawo cha Semily pafupi ndi Turnov, m'dera la Paradaiso la Bohemian. Nyumba yachifumu ya Ambuye a Valdštejn imachokera ku theka lachiwiri la 13. zaka zana. Ndi imodzi mwa nyumba zakale kwambiri m'dera lino.

Nyumbayi inamanga imodzi mwa nthambi za banja la Markvartic m'zaka 1260 ku 1280. Mwina linali ku Jaroslav Hruštice kapena mwana wake Zdenek Wallenstein kenako anakhala awo okhala banja, chimene iwo ndi ana awo ntchito mkhalidwe ambuye a Wallenstein. Iwo amatchedwa Wallenstein.

Jaroslav z Hruštice (Hruštice anali linga pafupi ndi Turnov) anayamba kugwiritsa ntchito dzina lakuti Jaroslav wa Lemberk chifukwa anali membala wa banja la Lemberk, mwana wachitatu wa Havel wa Lemberk. Havel wa Lemberk anachokera ku banja la Markvartic, omwe adalandira gawo lalikulu ku Northern Bohemia kuti athandizidwe ndi Premyslids. Mayi wa Jaroslav anali Zdislava wa ku Lemberk, wokondwerera ku 1995.

Wallenstein anakhala zaka 100. Mwachitsanzo. Ndikudziwa Zdeněk wa Wallenstein, ndi courtier a John Mfumu ya Luxemburg, Hynek wa Wallenstein, amene 1336 nawo Maulendo asilikali ku Lithuania Czech Mfumu ndi John Von Wallenstein, amene anam'pereka 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, kenako Mfumu Charles IV.

14 mapeto. m'ma Nyumbayi anapambana Vartenberks mpikisano a komanso Markvartic. Ndi Henry wa Wartenberg anaganiza kuthetsa ngongole zawo Hussite mtsogoleri Jan Zizka wa Trocnov, amene 1424 masika anabwera ndi asilikali kuti Turnovo, anamugonjetsa, kutsutsa agulupa ake ndipo anagonjetsa Wallenstein. Ndiye iye anandiuza a Mr. Valečov, bwenzi lake, amene 1427 m'ndende chifukwa cha Prince Sigismund Korybutovič, wakonzekera kuti mpando wachifumu. Mu 1431 anali kutsatira ina Ahusi Castle Ramesh chisudzulo kwa Stakory (ndiye wa Hradek).

M'zaka 1438-1439 Nyumbayi (ndi midzi yapafupi Kavčiny) anagwira magulu a achifwamba choncho onse 1440 anagonjetsa ndalama zigawo. Kubwezeretsa abambo kunapitiriza. Iwo ankakhala kuno Šofové wa Helfenburk kuyambira 1514 Smiřičtí wa Smiřic. Pakati pa chaka cha 1550 nyumbayi inagona pamoto.

Pamapeto a 17. m'ma kudzipatula anakakhala ku mabwinja a Vaclav Holan Rovenský anayambira apa, n'kumamva amwendamnjira osiyana. Eni ake a m'dera malo Wallenstein (eni zaka 1620-1821) ndi pambuyo pawo Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) anamanga ku mabwinja a Haji chikondi. Mu 1713 anatenga mwala akuloza 1722 anali woyamba bwalo anamanga nyumba yopemphereramo. Jana Nepomuckého ndipo pasanapite nthawi yaitali zithunzi zojambulajambula, chaka cha 1817 chinali chaputala cha St. Yohane Mbatizi. Chaka 1836 inamangidwa pachipata miyala mlatho, wokwera pa mndandanda wa ziboliboli.

Banja la Čihulkov linali ndi malo odyera ku nsanja kuchokera ku 1923 mpaka ku 1949. Kenaka anaphatikizidwa mu gulu la Sokol. Kuyambira nkhondo yachiŵiri ya padziko lonse, malo okwera mapiri.

Chiwonongeko chikufikira pamtunda podutsa chizindikiro chobiriwira ndi chofiira, pafupi ndi galimoto pafupi ndi 1. Kuchokera ku Turnov, kudera la Mašov pafupi ndi Turnov, nyumbayi ili kumtunda wa 3 km jjv. njira. Maulendo angatheke m'miyezi ya nyengo, ndi malipiro olowera. Chiwonongeko chokha ndi 389 mamita, kukwera kwake ndi 90 mamita. Chikhalidwe cha Hruboskalsko chiri kumbali ya kumwera kwa nyumbayi.

Zosangalatsa

  • Ndibwino kuti mukuwerenga Nazýval Waldenstein, v českém překladu tedy Mwala wa nkhalango.
  • Obraz světce v kapličce je možná jedinou existující podobiznou Karla Hynka Máchy. Wolemba wa pepala la 1836 ndi Frantisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Josef Bohuslav Foerster kapenaatorium ndi Valvštejně složil skladatel skladatel Sv. Václav a Chachisanu Symphony.
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